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[转帖] 天然猫粮的相干信息

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发表于 2009-7-12 06:04:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
最近在给猫猫找适合的猫粮,看了这个帖子,觉得挺有用的,转帖过来。    应制止的成份:
 
动物/家禽脂肪   (animal/poultry fat)

从动物或家禽的脂肪提炼而成,是处置肉类时所发生的副产品。动物或家禽的来历不明,其脂肪中的亚麻油酸含量非常低,而亚麻油酸是脂肪酸的一种,有助宠物的毛发健康。
  种种肉类副产品   (by-products)
   
肉类副产品包含溶解处置后的家禽或动物的骨架及内脏。肉类副产品的成份都是来历不明,养分低而难于消化。

家禽肉   (poultry)

野鸡﹑秃鹰﹑鹅和其他鸟类都算是家禽,所以成份及质素都没有包管。
 
干红菜头果肉   (beet pulp)

干红菜头果肉是制造甜菜头后的残渣,用于猫犬粮中以增加粗纤维。

人工调味料/色素   (artificial flavor/color)
   
人工调味料/色素是人工制制品,用来粉饰劣质成份,令产品看来越发吸引。

动物/家禽消化物   (animal/poultry digest)

动物/家禽组织经化学或酶分化后的物质,所用动物/家禽及其身体部份都是来历不明,质量没有包管,是廉价的成份以增加食物的味道。

BHA/BHT  及乙氧基奎宁(Ethoxyquin)

化学防腐剂,在人类食物中亦制止应用。

人造维生素:如VK3,或者VK4(只有VK1和2是天然的,1是植物源性的,2是肠道细菌制造的)

VK3(亚硫酸氢烟酰胺甲萘醌(MNB)):作为着色剂和养分两用的食品添加剂, 人工製造,過量服用可能導致貧血, 黃膽病, 肝, 腎受損, 甚至去世亡

VK3 化合物有几种: Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (MSB), Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (MSBC) ,Menadione Dimethylpyrimidinol Bisulfite (MPB)

Menadiol (Vitamin K4) 在體內會被轉化成 Vitamin K3, 所以特色與 K3 相同。

4D身分,常在by product 里面:  DIED(已去世)、DISEASED(有病)、DYING(弥留)、DISABLED(残破)

=============
健康成份:  
紫花苜蓿 牛油果油 胡萝卜素 清鸡汤 鸡肉粉 鸡脂肪 鸡肉 菊苣根 软骨胶琉酸盐 曼越梅(小红梅)海藻 鸡蛋 清鱼汤 亚麻籽 大蒜 氨基葡萄糖 大麦
糙米 白米 瓜耳豆胶 麻子油 鲱鱼 鲱鱼油 羊肉 羊肉粉刺槐豆胶 鲭鱼 燕麦 马铃薯 益菌助生质 益生菌 迷迭香 鲑鱼 海草精髓 向日葵油   牛磺酸/氨基乙黄酸 蕃茄 火鸡肉粉 火鸡肉 白米 鱄鱼 全燕麦 鲑鱼 吞拿鱼   

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发表于 2009-7-12 09:19:44 | 显示全部楼层
美国动物饲粮管理协会(AAFCO)对肉及其相干产品所下的界说:

1. Meat(肉):
肉为清洁、新颖,由动物屠体骨架所分辨的骨骼肌或由舌头、横膈、心脏、食道所分辨的条纹肌,正常所连附的皮肤、腱、脂肪、神经及血管可以吸收。如欲标示特定肉类,如Beef(牛肉)、Chicken(鸡肉)及Lamb(小羊肉),必需确切来自其相对的动物种类。

2. Poultry(禽肉):
禽肉为由禽类屠体所分辨出清洁的肉与皮的混杂物,可附带骨,但不可含羽毛、头、脚及内脏。

3. Meat Meal(肉粉):
如Lamb Meal(小羊肉粉),肉粉为除血液、毛发、蹄、角、胃及瘤胃内容物...等以外的已榨油之干涸动物组织,不可含有外物。

4. Poultry Meal(禽肉粉):
如Chicken Meal(鸡肉粉),禽肉粉为干涸、已榨油过、由禽类屠体所分辨出清洁的肉与皮的混物,可附带骨,但不可含羽毛、头、脚及内脏。

5. Meat and Bone Meal(肉骨粉):
肉骨粉为除血液、毛发、蹄、角、皮渣、粪、胃及瘤胃内容物...等以外的已榨油干涸带骨动物组织,不可含有外物。

6. Meat By-products(肉类副产品):
肉类副产品为由屠体分辨出未榨油、清洁的"肉以外的部份",可包含肺、脾、肾、脑、肝、血、骨、部份去脂低温脂肪组织及胃肠(去除内容物)。不含毛、蹄、角及牙。

7. Poultry By-products(禽类副产品):
禽类副产品必需含有未榨油过、由禽类屠体所分辨出清洁的头、脚及内脏。但不可含粪便及外物-除非是处置进程中无法制止之微量可吸收杂质。

8. Poultry By-product Meal(禽类副产品粉):
禽类副产品粉包含磨成粉状、榨过油的部份禽类屠体,如颈、脚、未成形蛋、肠,不含羽毛。除非是良好处置进程中无法制止的微量可吸收杂质。

9. Animal By-product Meal(动物副产品粉):
动物副产品粉为已榨油后的动物组织,不包含毛、蹄、角、皮渣、粪、胃及瘤胃内容物-除非是良好处置进程中无法制止的微量可吸收杂质。
以上九种动物性原料都可供应宠物食品中最重要的卵白质,
但是其部位及要求的质量却相差非常多。
其中最宝贵的可说是"肉或禽肉",因其为新颖、不含羽毛、头、脚及内脏等的清肉。
其次是"肉粉或禽肉粉",此为已榨过油的干涸肉。
再次为"肉骨粉",不但榨过油,并且带骨。
更次为"肉类或禽类副产品",为将肉类剔除后所剩余之物。
"肉类或禽类副产品粉"则是进一步再将肉类或禽类副产品的油榨出后的产品。
而动物副产品粉则是其中最廉价的成份。



猫粮里其他欠好的/没有养分的成份

Corn Gluten Meal -
原因 : An inexpensive by-product of human food processing which offersvery little nutritional value and serves mainly to bind food together.It is not a harmful ingredient but should be avoided simply for itspoor nutritional value and quality.

Brewers Rice -
界说 AAFCO: The small milled fragments of rice kernels that have been separated from the larger kernels of milled rice.
原因: A processed rice product that is missing many of the nutrientscontained in whole ground rice and brown rice. Contrary to what manypet food companies want to make you believe, this is not a high quality ingredient, just much cheaper than whole grain rice.

Animal Fat -
界说 AAFCO: Obtained from the tissues of mammals and/or poultry in thecommercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consistspredominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains noadditions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the commonname or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as apreservative".
原因:Note that the animal source is not specified and is not requiredto originate from "slaughtered" animals. The rendered animals can beobtained from any source, so there is no control over quality orcontamination. Any kind of animal can be included: "4-D animals" (dead,diseased, disabled, or dying prior to slaughter), goats, pigs, horses,rats, misc. roadkill, animals euthanized at shelters, restaurant andsupermarket refuse and so on.

还有会易令猫猫致敏的Wheat, Corn, Soy/Soybean, 养分零分及引致糖尿/进程的Corn Syrup等

发表于 2009-7-12 12:35:10 | 显示全部楼层
天然食粮的身分表Felidae
Chicken Meal, Brown Rice, Chicken Fat, (Preservedwith mixed Tocopherols), Eggs, Flax Seed Meal, Sun Cured Alfalfa Meal,Sunflower Oil, Chicken, Lecithin, Linoleic Acid, Amaranth, DLMethionine, Taurine, Kelp, Cranberries, Apples, Monocalcium Phosphate,Potassium Chloride, Choline Chloride, Rosemary Extract, Sage Extract,Yucca Schidigera Extract, Mixed Tocopherols (source of Vitamin E), ZincAmino Acid Chelate, Manganese Amino Acid Chelate, Iron Amino AcidChelate, Copper Amino Acid Chelate, Cobalt Amino Acid Chelate, VitaminA supplement, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Ascorbic Acid (source of VitaminC), Niacin, Thiamin Mononitrate (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (source ofB2), Beta Carotene, Calcium Pantothenate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride(Vitamin B6), Calcium Iodate, Folic Acid, D-Biotin, Sodium Selenite,Papaya, Vitamin B12 Supplement.

FELIDAE? PLATINUM? (减肥/老猫粮)
Chicken Meal, Turkey Meal, Brown Rice,Lamb Meal, Chicken Fat, (Preserved with mixed Tocopherols), HerringMeal, Eggs, Flax Seed Meal, Psyllium Husk, Sun Cured Alfalfa Meal,Sunflower Oil, (Preserved with mixed Tocopherols), Chicken, Kelp,Potassium Chloride, Linoleic Acid, Rosemary Extract, Sage Extract,Amaranth, DL Methionine, Taurine, Lecithin, Cranberries, Apples, DriedEnterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product, Dried LactobacillusAcidophilus Fermentation Product, Dried Aspergillus Oryzae FermentationExtract, Dried Bacillus Subtilis Fermentation Extract,Fructooligosaccharide (FOS), Dried Saccharomyces CerevisiaeFermentation Solubles, Yucca Schidigera Extract, Zinc Amino AcidChelate, Manganese Amino Acid Chelate, Copper Amino Acid Chelate,Cobalt Amino Acid Chelate, Iron Amino Acid Chelate, Vitamin Asupplement, D-Activated Animal Sterol (Vitamin D3), Vitamin ESupplement, Ascorbic Acid (Source of Vitamin C), L – Carnitine,Riboflavin (source of B2), Niacin, Choline Chloride, CalciumPantothenate, Folic Acid, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6),Thiamin Mononitrate(Vitamin B1), Beta Carotene, D - Biotin, GlucosamineHydrochloride, Chondroitin Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite,Papaya, Pineapple, Vitamin B12 supplement.
Innova
Turkey,Chicken Meal, Chicken, Potatoes, Egg, Barley, Chicken Fat, Rice,Herring, Sunflower Oil, Apples, Carrots, Lactose-Free Milk, Fish Oil,Taurine, Potassium Chloride, Alfalfa Sprouts, Vitamin E Supplement,Ascorbic Acid, DL-Methionine, Choline Chloride, Direct-Fed Microbials,Ascorbic Acid, Beta Carotene, Biotin, Calcium Carbonate, CalciumIodate, Choline Chloride, Cobalt Carbonate, Cobalt Proteinate, CopperProteinate, d-Calcium Pantothenate, Dicalcium Pantothenate,dl-Methionine, Folic Acid, Iron Proteinate, Manganese Proteinate,Niacin, Potassium Chloride, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin,Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin B12 Supplement,Vitamin C Supplement (Sodium Ascorbate), Vitamin D3 Supplement, VitaminE Supplement (Alpha Tocopherol), Zinc Proteinate

Timberwolf Serengeti Herbal Felid Diet?
Chicken Meal, Fresh Chicken, Chicken Fat (preservedwith mixed tocopherols), Low Ash Salmon Meal, Potatoes,Tuna Oil(preserved with mixed tocopherols) Dried Eggs, Dried Chicken Liver,Dried Whole Milk, Dried Whey Extract, Kelp, Hydrated Alfalfa Leaf,Casein, DL Methionine, Potassium Chloride, Lecithin, Taurine, Lysine,Carnitine, Choline Chloride, Creatine, Probiotics: (LactobacillusAcidophilus Fermentation Product, Bifidobacterium ThermophilumFermentation, Bifidobacterium Longum Fermentation Product, EnterbacterFaecium Fermentaion Product, Bacillus Subtillus Fermentation Product,Blueberries, Cranberries, Mixed Tocopherols (a source of vitamin E),Zinc Proteinate, Iron Proteinate, Manganese Amino Acid Chelate,Thiamine, Niacin, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate,Riboflavin Supplement, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Iodine Proteinate,Vitamin D3 Supplement, Biotin, Folic Acid, Pyridoxine (a source ofvitamin B6), Cobalt Proteinate, Papain, Yucca Schidigera Extract.

Fromm (Salmon Flavour)
Salmon, Salmon Meal, Pearled Barley, White Rice, Sweet Potato, WholeDried Egg, Dried Tomato Pomace, Fish Broth, Salmon Oil (preserved withmixed tocopherols), Safflower Oil, Potato, Flaxseed, Chicken Fat(preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Carrots, Broccoli,Cauliflower, Apples, Lecithin, Chicken Cartilage, DL-Methionine,Potassium Chloride, Cranberries, Blueberries, Salt,Chicory Root Extract, Alfalfa Sprouts, Yucca Schidigera, Folic Acid,Parsley, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Bifidobacterium Longum,Enterococcous Faecium, Vitamin A, D3, E, B12 Supplements, CholineBitartrate, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Riboflavin,Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Biotin, Zinc Sulfate,Ferrous Sulfate, Manganous Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Cobalt Carbonate,Calcium Iodate, Sorbic Acid, Iron Proteinate, Zinc Proteinate, CopperProteinate, Manganese Proteinate, Sodium Selenite.

Chicken Soup
Chicken, chicken meal, cracked pearled barley, chicken fat(preserved with mixed tocopherols), ocean fish meal, white rice,potatoes, oatmeal, millet, natural chicken flavor,salmon, turkey, duck, flaxseed, sodium bisulfate, egg product,methionine, potassium chloride, choline chloride, dried chicory root,taurine, kelp, carrots, peas, apples, tomatoes, blueberries, spinach,dried skim milk, cranberry powder, rosemary extract, parsley flake,yucca schidigera extract, L-carnitine, Enterococcus faecium,Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Saccharomycescerevisiae fermentation solubles, dried Aspergillus oryzae fermentationextract, zinc proteinate, vitamin E supplement, niacin, manganeseproteinate, copper proteinate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, coppersulfate, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin A supplement, biotin, potassiumiodide, calcium pantothenate, riboflavin, pyridoxine hydrochloride(vitamin B6), vitamin B12 supplement, manganous oxide, sodium selenite,vitamin D supplement, folic acid.

Natural Balance ULTRA PREMIUM DRY CAT FOOD
Chicken Meal, Chicken, Brown Rice, Duck Meal, Barley, Oatmeal,Chicken Fat (Preserved With Natural Mixed Tocopherols), Potatoes,Carrots, Lamb Meal, Salmon Meal, Canola Oil, Natural Flavor,Dried Egg, Brewers Yeast, Whole Ground Flaxseed, Potassium Chloride,Choline Chloride, Taurine, Spinach, Parsley Flakes, Cranberry, Lysine,L-Carnitine, Yucca, Kelp, Zinc Proteinate, Vitamin E Supplement,Niacin, Manganese Proteinate, Copper Proteinate, Zinc Sulfate,Manganese Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B-1),Vitamin A Supplement, Biotin, Potassium Iodide, d-Calcium Pantothenate,Riboflavin (Vitamin B-2), Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B-6),Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Manganous Oxide, Sodium Selenite, Vitamin DSupplement, Folic Acid (Vitamin B).

Solid Gold
Lamb | Chicken Meal | Millet | Brown Rice | Ocean Fish Meal | Cracked Pearled Barley | Canola Oil | Natural Flavor| Salmon Oil (source of DHA) | Flaxseed | Potassium Chloride | CholineChloride | Taurine | Dried Chicory Root | Amaranth | Parsley Flakes |Spearmint | Almond Oil | Sesame Oil | Yucca Schidigera Extract | Kelp |Thyme | Blueberries | Cranberries | Apples | Lentils | Quinoa | VitaminE Supplement | Iron Proteinate | Zinc Proteinate | Copper Proteinate |Ferrous Sulfate | Zinc Sulfate | Copper Sulfate | Potassium Iodide |Thiamine Mononitrate | Manganese Proteinate | Manganous Oxide |Ascorbic Acid | Vitamin A Supplement | Biotin | Calcium Panthothenate |Manganese Sulfate | Sodium Selenite | Pyridoxine Hydrochloride |Vitamin B12 Supplement | Riboflavin | Vitamin D Supplement | FolicAcid

Foundation
Chicken Meal, Ground Rice, Chicken Meat, Oatmeal, Chicken Fat(preserved with mixed tocopherols (vit.E), Sunflower Oil (preservedwith mixed tocopherols (vit. E), Salmon Meal, Natural Chicken Flavor, Rice Bran, Flax, Dried Alfalfa Meal, Dried Whole Egg, Phosphoric Acid, Salt,Potassium Chloride, Dried Potatoes, Dried Carrots, Dried Whole Apples,Blueberries, Cranberries, Dried Yogurt, Yeast Culture, CholineChloride, Lysine, Potassium Sorbate, Dicalcium Phosphate, YuccaSchidigera, Vitamin A Acetate, Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), Vitamin E(dl alpha-tocopherol acetate), Ferrous Sulfate, Taurine, Zinc Oxide,*Zinc Proteinate, Niacin, Copper Sulfate, *Copper Proteinate, ManganousOxide, *Manganese Proteinate, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin K,Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Vitamin B12, Calcium Iodate, Folic Acid.These items are chelated minerals

Nature's Variety Prairie Chicken Meal & Brown Rice Feline Dry Diet
Chicken Meal, Brown Rice, Oatmeal, Chicken Fat(preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Citric Acid), Menhaden Fish Meal,Flaxseed Meal, Montmorillonite Clay, Natural Chicken Flavor, Alfalfa Meal, Chicken Liver, Potassium Chloride, Sea Salt,DL-Methionine, Taurine, Dried Enterococcus Faecium FermentationProduct, Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product, Inulin,Flaxseed Oil, Apples, Cottage Cheese, Chicken Eggs, Cranberries, FreezeDried Chicken, Freeze Dried Turkey, Freeze Dried Turkey Liver, FreezeDried Turkey Hearts, Pumpkinseeds, Ground Chicken Bone, Carrots,Butternut Squash, Broccoli, Lettuce, Spinach, Kelp, Salmon Oil, AppleCider Vinegar, Parsley, Honey, Blueberries, Alfalfa Sprouts, GrapefruitSeed Extract, Persimmons, Olive Oil, Duck Eggs, Pheasant Eggs, QuailEggs, Rosemary Extract, Sage, Clove, Vitamins & Minerals

The Pinnacle Feline
Chicken Meal, Chicken, Potato Protein, Potato Flour,Chicken Fat (Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid), OceanFish, Natural Flavor, Tomato Pomace, Dried Egg Product, Dried Cranberries, Salt,Potassium Chloride, Choline Chloride, Taurine, Dried Yucca Schidigera,Bromelain, Papain, Dried Bacillus Subtilis Fermentation Product, DriedAspergillus Oryzae Fermentation Product, Ferrous Sulfate, DL-AlphaTocopherol Acetate (Source of Vitamin E), Zinc Oxide, Copper Sulfate,Cobalt Proteinate, Riboflavin Supplement (Source of Vitamin B Complex),Zinc Methionine, Iron Proteinate, Manganese Proteinate, CopperProteinate, Niacin, Sodium Selenite, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Vitamin ASupplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Biotin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride(Source of Vitamin B6), Calcium Iodate, Thiamine Mononitrate (Source ofVitamin B1), Folic Acid, Potassium Iodate, Vitamin D3 Supplement.

Back to Basics
Chicken Meal, Chicken, Ground Brown Rice, Ground Corn, ChickenFat (Preserved with Natural Mixed Tocopherols (Vitamin E), Citric Acid,and Rosemary Extract), Dried Tomato Pomace, Dried Whole Egg, Fish Meal(Herring), Brewers Dried Yeast, Flax Meal, Lecithin, Fish Oil, Sea Salt,Methionine (Amino Acid), Lysine, Potassium Chloride, Natural YuccaSchidegera Extract, Taurine, Ascorbic Acid, Garlic Powder, Vitamins& Chelated Minerals*
发表于 2009-7-12 15:50:35 | 显示全部楼层
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